Nutrition and Food Safety
To decrease your risk of contracting food-borne pathogens during pregnancy, remember to practice safe food handling techniques.
- Make sure you wash your hands when preparing food and especially after any contact with raw meat. Wash produce prior to eating.
- Be careful not to contaminate raw meat with other food intended to be eaten raw.
- Properly cook foods – refer to ask.usda.gov for the FDA’s cooking temperature recommendations.
General nutrition during pregnancy
It is important to eat a well balanced diet during pregnancy. Focus on proteins, vegetables, whole fruits, and whole grains. Many small meals may be needed to decrease nausea and maintain blood sugar levels. Discuss your diet with your provider, and please let us know if you adhere to a specific dietary philosophy.
Refer to USDA’s Health & Nutrition Information for Pregnant & Breastfeeding Women or the American Congress for Obstetrics and Gynecology Nutrition Pregnancy Information, for more information on nutritional needs during pregnancy and to help you coordinate a daily food plan for your pregnancy.
What you need to know about Listeria during your pregnancy
Listeria monocytogenes is a bacteria that can increase one’s risk of miscarriage if it causes a blood infection. This bacteria is found in unpasteurized dairy products and pre-cooked meat products that have not been re-heated sufficiently. To increase your chances of having a safe and healthy pregnancy, it is recommended to:
- Avoid all unpasteurized milk/dairy products (“fresh” soft cheeses, unpasteurized cow or goat milk). Hard cheeses are fine. Salad dressings made from cheese served at a restaurant are fine. If the label of the soft cheese says it is made from pasteurized milk, it is safe to eat.
- Heat deli meats that have been sliced in the deli counter until steaming. Boxed sliced meats found in the refrigerated section of the grocery store are fine to eat cold, as long as the container hasn’t been opened for more than 2 days.
- Heat hot dogs until steaming.
- Avoid bean sprouts. More than 15% contain dangerous bacteria that your immune system cannot protect as well against.
What you need to know about mercury in fish and shellfish during pregnancy
Fish and shellfish are an important part of a healthy diet. They contain high-quality protein and other essential nutrients, are low in saturated fat, and contain Omega-3 fatty acids. A well-balanced diet that includes a variety of fish and shellfish can contribute to heart health and children’s proper growth and development. To take advantage of the many nutritional benefits, women and young children, in particular, should include fish or shellfish in their diets.
However, nearly all fish and shellfish contain traces of mercury. For most people, the risk of mercury from eating fish and shellfish is not a health concern. However, some fish and shellfish contain higher levels of mercury that may harm an unborn baby or young child’s developing nervous system. The risks caused by mercury in fish and shellfish depend on the amount eaten and the levels of mercury in each. To minimize risk, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) advise future, pregnant, or nursing mothers and young children to avoid some types of fish and eat fish and shellfish that are lower in mercury.
Following the recommendations listed below will allow women and children to benefit from eating fish and shellfish while also maintaining limited exposure to the harmful effects of mercury.
1. Do not eat:
- King Mackerel
These fish contain high levels of mercury
2. Eat up to 12 ounces (2 average meals) a week of a variety of fish and shellfish that are lower in mercury.
- Five of the most commonly eaten fish that are low in mercury are shrimp, canned light tuna, salmon, pollock, and catfish.
- Another commonly eaten fish, albacore (“white”) tuna has more mercury than canned light tuna. So, when choosing your two meals of fish and shellfish, you may eat up to 6 ounces (one average meal) of albacore tuna per week.
3. Check local advisories about the safety of fish caught by family and friends in your local lakes, rivers, and coastal areas.
If no advice is available, eat up to 6 ounces (one average meal) per week of fish you catch from local waters, but don’t consume any other fish during that week.
Before fishing, check your Fishing Regulations Booklet for information about recreationally caught fish. You can also contact your local health department for information about local advisories. It is important to check local advisories because some species of fish and shellfish caught in your local waters may have higher or lower levels of mercury than average due to environmental factors.
For more information about the risks of mercury in fish and shellfish call the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s food information line toll-free at 1-888-SAFEFOOD or visit the FDA’s Food Safety website.
For more information about the safety of locally caught fish and shellfish, visit the Environmental Protection Agency’s Fish Advisory website or contact the Oregon Health Authority website.