Contraception

Preventing pregnancy has come a long way. Women’s Care believes that all women deserve contraception that is individualized for their particular needs. We offer many options for birth control. We want to help you choose the one that suits you best, and are happy to see you at our Eugene/Springfield offices to discuss the many options available.

Condoms: Condoms are 85% effective when used correctly. Latex and polyurethane condoms are available for use. A spermicide is recommended to increase efficacy of condoms. If the condom breaks, remember that emergency contraception is available for women over 15 years old without a prescription, from your pharmacist.

Learn more about condom effectiveness.

Oral Contraceptive Pills: Combination oral contraceptive pills, or birth control pills are 95% effective when used correctly. We want to find the pill that is right for you! It’s important to remember that birth control pills can cause slight breast tenderness and nausea for the first few months of use. These generally ease over time. Please let your Women’s Care provider know if you are prone to blood clots, have any medical conditions, or smoke in your discussion of birth control. Also, birth control pills do NOT prevent STDs! If STDs are a concern, use condoms and discuss other methods of protection with your Women’s Care provider.

Nuvaring: Nuvaring contains similar ingredients to oral contraceptive pills but those ingredients are formulated into a vaginal ring that will provide reliable contraception. This silicone ring is flexible and you cannot feel it when it’s in the proper position. Nuvaring is inserted into your vagina during the first few days of your period. You can use tampons while Nuvaring is in place. The ring is left in place for 3 weeks. On the 4th week, you remove Nuvaring to have a period. Please refer to Nuvaring’s link for more information on placing and removing Nuvaring.

Progesterone-only Pill / “Minipill”: The “Minipill” contains only progesterone. (As opposed to combination pills which contain estrogen and progesterone.) This type of birth control pill is safe to take for women with certain medical conditions that preclude estrogen-containing birth control pills. It is also safe to take while breast feeding, and doesn’t decrease a new mom’s milk supply. It is important to remember to take the pill the same time every day. It is less effective than the traditional, combination oral contraceptive pill, so it might not be the best option for every woman.

IUDs: Intrauterine devices, or IUDs, provide safe, extremely effective (over 99%), reversible contraception for women who want to delay childbearing. It is important to remember to be in a monogamous relationship when using the IUD. Contracting certain pelvic infections like Gonorrhea or Chlamydia with an IUD in place can increase the risk of a severe pelvic infection. There are 2 types of IUDs. IUDs can be used safely in women who have not been pregnant. Talk to your Women’s Care provider to see if you are a good candidate for an IUD.

Mirena IUD: The Levonorgestrel IntraUterine System or Mirena IUD provides excellent birth control and treatment of heavy periods. Each IUD can be used for a maximum of 5 years. It contains small amounts of levonorgestrel, which is a progesterone, that is safe for breastfeeding and women with certain medical conditions. The Mirena IUD can be used both in women who have children and those who haven’t yet had children. It is a very effective treatment for heavy bleeding- it can cause irregular bleeding for the first 3-6 months of use. After 3-6 months many women have a decrease in the amount of menstrual bleeding and cramping. It is important to maintain a monogamous relationship when using an IUD. Please make an appointment with a Women’s Care provider to see if this IUD is right for you.

 

     Paragard IUD: The Copper IUD or Paragard IUD is a copper-coiled IUD that provides up to 10 years of effective contraception. The copper inhibits sperm from fertilizing eggs. The IUD is hormone-free so it doesn’t affect your natural cycles. It is safe for women who smoke or have certain medical conditions that preclude them from taking estrogen-containing contraception. The Paragard IUD can be used safely in women who have had children and those who haven’t. It is important to maintain a monogamous relationship when using an IUD. Please make an appointment with a Women’s Care provider to see if this IUD is right for you.

     Skyla IUD: Skyla is another type of levonorgestrel IntraUterineSytem (or IUD) that lasts for 3 years. Periods over time are shorter.

Implantable Contraception (Nexplanon/implanon): A small rod containing progesterone is placed under the skin of the arm providing 3 years of effective contraception. The Implanon rod is easily inserted in your Women’s Care provider’s office, and takes about 5 minutes to insert. It occasionally causes irregular periods, but periods will return to normal after you remove the Implanon. Return to fertility occurs quickly after the rod is removed.

Learn more about implantable contraception.

Depo Provera: Depo Provera is a 3 month injection that provides excellent contraception. It can be used safely in most women. It is also safe for breastfeeding. Periods can become irregular on Depo Provera. It is important to remember to have an adequate calcium intake while using Depo Provera.

Permanent Contraception

Learn more about your options for permanent contraception at Women’s Care.